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Atomic Clocks and Weather Stations

By Ernest D. Black
August 24, 2014
Table of Contents:
-  Keeping track of time
- Time and atomic transitions
- Atomic Clocks accuracy and purposes
- Weather stations and Atomic Clocks
- La Crosse Technology Weather Stations
- Atomic Clocks Technology keeping all  us in the loop
Keeping track of time

What would life be like without the measurement of time? When speaking of time and space itself, what is space itself if not for the measurement of time? What are expectations or anticipation; would they simply be empty emotions or states of human feeling? From sundials to the swinging of pendulums, or the grains of sand sliding through the middle of an hour glass; humanity has based our perception of being, in relation to other things, locations and points of day on the idea of time. From sunrise to sunset and all of the seconds, minutes and hours in between, we have calculated, documented and accurately predicted events of great magnitude. We've clocked great speeds, performed scientific experiments, developed machines, computers and even flown into outer space, none of which would have been possible if our ability to keep track of time was not becoming extensively precise. Synchronization in the truest sense of the word is impossible without being able to operate within and document time accurately. Then throughout history, over time, and with time, we improved.
Time and atomic transitions
In the year 1879, Lord Kelvin introduced the idea of measuring units of time by using atomic transitions. In the 1930's by way of magnetic resonance, the method in which to accomplish that very feat proposed by Lord Kelvin became possible thanks to developments by Isidor Rabi. The Ammonia Maser device is credited as being the first Atomic Clock, but it was less accurate than its mechanical counterparts. The first accurate one came about in 1955, which was 1 year later and was based on the cesium standard (caesium-133 atom). The astronomical time scale is called Ephemeris time, which was used to calibrate the cesium standard atomic clock. These advancements gave birth to the Atomichron in the 1950's which was the first commercially sold atomic clock. Thanks to laser cooling and some other advances in the late 1990's, the Chip Scale Atomic clock was created. It was small enough (one-hundredth the size of its predecessors) to be utilized in battery operated gizmos and it hit the market in 2011.
Atomic Clocks accuracy and purposes
Atomic Clocks serve many purposes because of their accuracy as it pertains to measuring time. They are vital in weather stations and are also used for space navigation, Global Positioning Systems (GPS), high energy accelerators, international time distribution services, the internet, and as wave frequency controllers for television broadcasts just to name a few. The supreme accuracy of an atomic clock is what makes simultaneous mass communication feasible because they get exact frequencies which make multiple conversations traveling down the same wire possible and efficient. If there were ever to be a global blackout where the world lost power for a prolonged period, atomic clocks would still be able to keep track of time without missing a beat.
Atomic Clocks function by quartz crystal oscillation activity. To be more precise, oven manipulated spinning electrons (55), magnets, and radio waves are utilized to ensure that the quartz is oscillated at the correct frequency to maintain accuracy. In even newer models, lasers separate the cesium atoms in place of the magnets. Atomic clocks that use lasers only lose 1 second per 6 million years. Average mechanical clocks use vibrations similar to that of a pendulum to maintain frequency on a consistent basis. This isn't always accurate because the speed of the clock can be affected by temperature, pressure, and gravity. Atomic clocks under those same conditions would only vary minutely, and that would be after hundreds of years of exposure. They are far superior.
Weather stations and Atomic Clocks
Weather stations measure temperaturebarometric pressurehumiditywind speedwind direction, and precipitation. This is how weather forecasts on the news are given. In addition to telling you precisely what time it is (Atomic Clock), these systems can also be utilized as smaller gadgets to give you all of that information for your exact location. Of course this is very useful as it pertains to camping trips whether you are in a cabin or outside in a tent, hiking, laboratories, excursions, etc. The accuracy of a weather station can be the difference between success and failure when time and exact atmospheric conditions are of the essence.
La Crosse Technology Weather Stations

La Crosse Technology, a company founded in 1985, is renowned as an industry leader in the manufacturing of weather instruments, atomic clocks, and watches. Not only do they specialize in providing atomic measuring systems at the highest of quality, but they also do it for the most cost effective prices. La Crosse is the maker of some of the finest home electronics on the market. Centering its focus on environmental monitors such as wireless weather instruments, radio-controlled clocks, and other products that are unmatched in the industry, they are definitely one of the best retailers to buy from when you require excellence. Their products are available for purchase at thousands of retail establishments and online stores across North America, France, and they also sell systems that meet European Standards just in case you intend to use them internationally.
Atomic Clocks Technology keeping all us in the loop
The future is bright, especially since we can calculate how long it will take to get there without losing a second for at least 6 million years. Our progressive mastery of the grains of time has allowed us to live stream, save lives, measure heart beats per second, and even talk to our children in real time while looking at them on a small screen from all the way across the world. Our ability to keep time accurately has actually made the world a lot smaller and brought its inhabitants much closer. Much more is possible because we know exactly how much time we have between sun up and sun down. Things we take for granted, things we think are so miniscule as the minute and hour hands pass by each other and rotate on our wristwatches, few of us realize how close we are getting to inevitability, the unknown, or simply the next cycle. One thing is for sure though; La Crosse Technology is a provider of instruments on the cutting edge of keeping us all in the loop.

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